By Lance Morgan, President at Marine Conservation Institute
There may be rising scientific proof and assist for shielding not less than 30% of the planet. The 2019 report from the Intergovernmental Science-Coverage Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Providers (IPBES) highlights the dire way forward for biodiversity on our planet if we don’t act decisively now. Seagrass beds, marshes and mangroves, coral reefs and fish populations proceed to say no. Solely 5% of the ocean is at the moment protected[i] in any manner; and virtually no place within the ocean is untouched by people. Recognizing this, a coalition of non-profit organizations and marine scientists of many various disciplines have drafted the next letter to induce resolution makers the world over to safeguard our ocean.
It’s sadly an inescapable undeniable fact that the world seemed quite a bit totally different when this letter was conceived – with a collection of key ocean conferences forward of us in 2020. Nonetheless, we must always nonetheless be engaged on the premise that key selections can be taken this 12 months – and as such this letter stays necessary and pressing.
Please take into account signing – Sign the Letter
We’re at a vital time for ocean conservation. Key selections within the close to future will set the course for a decade of motion which can outline the way forward for the ocean. We, the undersigned, name on you to assist an bold international goal by means of the Conference on Organic Range’s Put up-2020 Framework, to safeguard not less than 30% of the ocean in a community of extremely or absolutely protected, properly managed marine protected areas (MPAs) and different efficient area-based conservation measures (OECMs) by 2030.
Ocean well being is significant to all life on Earth, but is in a state of decline. Human actions are driving vital overfishing, the lack of marine biodiversity, the destruction of coastal environments, air pollution of marine habitats and the warming, acidification, and deoxygenation of the ocean, threatening not solely marine life, however the wellbeing of individuals at the moment and into the longer term. The present goal to guard 10% of the ocean by 2020 (codified within the CBD and Sustainable Improvement Objectives), whereas a superb begin, isn’t enough to reverse biodiversity loss or assist mitigate the impacts of speedy international change.
Scientific proof means that to safe a wholesome, productive, and resilient marine setting, not less than 30% of the world’s ocean should be safeguarded in a community of properly managed MPAs and OECMs. It has been proven that protected areas that don’t enable industrial extraction equivalent to long-line fishing or deep-sea mining are essential to revive and defend biodiversity.,,
We’re impressed by the progress the world has made on ocean safety over the previous ten years. On the identical time, we be aware with concern that quite a few nations’ submissions to the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA), the worldwide database utilized by the United Nations to measure progress towards the 10% purpose, don’t meet minimal worldwide requirements, equivalent to these established by the Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which require the prohibition of commercial extractive exercise. These commitments present little to no organic advantages and provides a skewed impression of progress towards international ocean safety targets. By some estimates, a 3rd of the world recognized as protected within the WDPA doesn’t meet minimal worldwide requirements for MPAs. World conservation efforts are being undermined by accrediting protected areas that don’t assist the restoration of the ocean. The degrees of safety for biodiversity inside these websites should rapidly be enhanced to render them efficient.
Over the approaching months and years, it’s essential that current and new ecologically consultant protected areas cowl not less than 30% of the ocean, meet the IUCN’s requirements for protected areas, and are successfully managed. A excessive degree of safety is important for a excessive degree of profit. That is the one method to safe a sustainable and ample ocean and to construct resilience towards rising threats equivalent to local weather change. Marine life and the indigenous folks and native communities that rely upon the ocean for his or her meals and livelihoods depend on leaders such as you to assist the world ship on bold ocean safety targets.
We name on you to assist a worldwide name to guard and preserve not less than 30% of the ocean and to protect the integrity of the time period “marine protected space”. Weakening this commonplace is not going to get us to our purpose of defending international ocean well being, which is significant to all of the folks of this world.
 IPBES report, “Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services” (2019)
 Bethan C. O’Leary et al., “Effective Coverage Targets for Ocean Protection,” Conservation Letters 9, no. 6 (2016): 398-404
 Graham J. Edgar et al., “Global Conservation Outcomes Depend on Marine Protected Areas with Five Key Features,” Nature 506, no. 7487 (2014): 216-20
 Sarah E. Lester et al., “Biological Effects Within No-Take Marine Reserves: A Global Synthesis,” Marine Ecology Progress Collection 384 (2009): 33-46
 Enric Sala et al “Assessing real progress towards effective ocean protection”, Marine Coverage Quantity 91 (2018): Pages 11-13
 Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature and World Fee on Protected Areas, “Guidelines for applying the IUCN protected area management categories to marine protected areas” (2019)
 Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature and World Fee on Protected Areas, “Applying IUCN’s Global Conservation Standards to Marine Protected Areas (MPA)” (2018)
 David Gill et al “Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally” Nature. 30;543(7647) (2017). 665-669